The cold waters of Arraial and Cabo Frio

On our second day in the Lakes Region, we saved the Sunday to see the beauties of the area, called ‘Brazilian diving capital’. We went out with the guys from Personal Dive to Ilha dos Porcos and Saco do Cardeiro, famous diving spots in Arraial do Cabo. The day was sunny and hot, but the water was close to sixteen degrees celsius, much like on our Saturday dive. The people who dive in this area is prepared to face the cold waters here, but why is the water temperature in Arraial do Cabo and Cabo Frio so low?

The marine waters in Cabo Frio and Arraial do Cabo are famous for being clear and crystalline, for having a very rich and diverse marine life and for presenting many diving spots, but there is also a unique characteristic to these waters: they present temperatures much lower than the rest of the Brazilian southeastern coast. What makes these waters so cold?

The answer is it is the result of the oceanographic phenomena called UPWELLING, characterized by the motion of deep waters towards the surface in specific areas of the oceans, waters which are cold and rich in nutrients. It is a phenomena more common on the west borders of continents, but on the Brazilian coast it occurs in a few specific spots, the most well known one being in Arraial do Cabo, on the east of the Rio de Janeiro state. In this area, the upwelling happens as a result of the dominant wind’s motion in the upper right quadrant combined with the Earth’s rotation, which provokes the distancing of the warm waters of the Brazil Current that descends along the northeastern coast towards the south. When these waters distance themselves from the coast, there is an upwards motion of the cold waters of the Malvinas Current, which runs in the opposite direction to the Brazil Current, moving from the south towards the northeast.

One of the characteristics of upwelling is that it generates high primary productivity, which in consequence benefits the entire food chain, making these areas very important for the fishing industry. The nutrients present in these waters that rise to the surface, when reaching the illuminated layers of water, are used by the microscopic algae which, through the process of photosynthesis, generate an “explosion” of microalgae (phytoplanktons), these being the start of the marine food chain. These phytoplanktons are food for small marine organisms (zooplanktons) which in its turn will serve as food for small fish that will feed bigger fish and so forth. For this reason, Arraial do Cabo and Cabo Frio are very rich in fishery. The central area of the upwelling is in Praia do Focinho in Ilha de Cabo Frio, more commonly known as Ilha do Farol.

When the predominant winds change with the arrival of a cold front, the opposite phenomena occurs, called DOWNWELLING, which here is the downward motion of the cold waters of the Malvinas Current and the return of the warm waters of the Brazil Current. Since in Cabo Frio and Arraial do Cabo the predominant winds are those of the upper right quadrant, the most frequent situation here is the upwelling.

In other words, a semi-dry wetsuit, boots and gloves – and some hot chocolate – help in enjoying everything even more and not letting the cold waters be a reason not to dive.

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Back to the Lakes Region

We’re already getting used to the last minute changes and unforeseen circumstances! After a few weeks on a break due to carnaval and commitments in São Paulo, we’re back on the road. We will be without Carlinhos, who stayed back to sort out a few things (he will post about it shortly). Already missing our partner but ready for whatever may come, Cacá and I came straight to the point where we left off and got back to it a million miles an hour!

After traveling for almost 10 hours, we were incredibly welcomed by the guys at Pousada Porto Canal, where we are staying in Cabo Frio and our newest partner on the project. We had a very well slept night and then spent the day visiting several diving companies in Arraial do Cabo, filling our diary with dives for the next few days.

The hot sunny afternoon begged for a night dive, and that is exactly what we did with Litoral Sub! The sky was packed with stars and the sea was wonderful, but seeing as nothing is perfect, we were quite cold in the 16ºC (61ºF) waters – which was more than worth it for the vast marine life we could see in Ilha do Papagaio. Guided by Cláudio, we saw a beautiful school of squid, many blowfish and a huge Puffer of about 60cm. We also spotted a guitarfish and several sea hares, as well as the largest sea cucumbers I have ever seen. Afterwards, nothing better than a hot chocolate to warm up!

Bring on the dives as amazing as this one!

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Diving on Deco Stop

Another article published, this time on Deco Stop!

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Mormaii from head to toes!

Check out the article about Diving on the Road published on MORMAII’S BLOG!!!

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DEEP BLUE – ANGRA DOS REIS – RJ

GENERAL
Phone: (24) 3361.2251 / nextel: 55*8*53034
Site: www.deepbluebrasil.com
Email:
contato@deepbluebrasil.com
Address:
Rua Cornelis Verolme, 743
Verolme – Angra dos Reis – RJ

SERVICES

Opening hours:
morning
Courses:
yes
Equipment for hire:
yes
Camera for hire: yes
Picture services: no
Filming services:
no
Maintenance:
yes
Shop:
yes
Pool:
no
Nitrox:
no
Languages: english / spanish

Equipped with multiplace hyperbaric chamber

FEES*
Baptism: R$250,00 (pictures included)
Certified diver:**
R$235,00
Snorkel: R$100,00
PADI basic course: R$730,00
Payment:
cash or card

VESSEL

The Diving on the Road team has not yet participated in Deep Blue’s diving operations. Vessel information will be published in the near future.

* We remind that we have no ties with any of the companies or their fees and that they may be altered without previous notice. We recommend that you contact the company and confirm this information before booking your dive.
** Price for certified divers INCLUDING equipment hire fees.

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JAMANTA – ANGRA DOS REIS – RJ

GENERAL
Phone: (24) 3365.1374
Site: www.pousadajamanta.com.br
Email:
atendimento@pousadajamanta.com.br
Address:
Estrada do Contorno, nº 105
Bonfim – Angra dos Reis – RJ
The opportunity to participate in Jamanta’s diving operations was not given to the Diving on the Road team. For more information about fees and services, please contact the company directly.

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AQUAMASTER – ANGRA DOS REIS – RJ

GENERAL
Phone: (24) 3365.2416 / (24) 3377.1039
Site: www.aquamaster.com.br
Email:
aquamaster@aquamaster.com.br
Address:
Estrada Ver. Benedito Adelino, 100
Praia da Enseada – Angra dos Reis – RJ

SERVICES

Opening hours:
morning, afternoon
Courses:
yes
Equipment for hire:
yes
Camera for hire: no
Picture services: yes
Filming services:
yes
Maintenance:
no
Shop:
no
Pool:
yes
Nitrox:
yes
Languages: english / spanish
FEES*
Baptism: R$250,00
Certified diver:**
R$258,00
Snorkel: starting at R$60,00
PADI basic course: R$1,100.00
Payment:
cash or card

VESSEL

The Diving on the Road team has not yet participated in an Aquamaster’s operation. Vessel information will be published in the near future.

* We remind that we have no ties with any of the companies or their fees and that they may be altered without previous notice. We recommend that you contact the company and confirm this information before booking your dive.
** Price for certified divers INCLUDING equipment hire fees.

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FRADE DIVER RESORT – ANGRA DOS REIS – RJ

GENERAL
Phone: (24) 3369.2816 / (24) 7835.3724
Site: www.fradediver.com.br
Email:
fradediver@fradediver.com.br
Address:
BR 101 Km 508 – Hotel do Frade
Frade – Angra dos Reis – RJ

SERVICES

Opening hours:
morning, afternoon
Courses:
yes
Equipment for hire:
yes
Camera for hire: no
Picture services: yes
Filming services:
no
Maintenance:
yes
Shop:
yes
Pool:
yes
Nitrox:
no
Languages: english / spanish / french
FEES*
Baptism: R$220,00
Certified diver:**
R$250,00
Snorkel: R$90,00
PADI basic course: R$1,100.00
Payment:
cash or check

VESSEL

The Diving on the Road team has not yet participated in a Frade Diver Resort’s operation. Vessel information will be published in the near future.

* We remind that we have no ties with any of the companies or their fees and that they may be altered without previous notice. We recommend that you contact the company and confirm this information before booking your dive.
** Price for certified divers INCLUDING equipment hire fees.

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MARACAIBO – PARATY – RJ

GENERAL
Phone: (11) 7717.2463
Site: www.maracaibo.com.br
Email:
lancha@maracaibo.com.br
Address:
BR 101 Km 574,5
Marina do Engenho – Paraty – RJ

SERVICES

Opening hours:
morning
Courses:
yes
Equipment for hire:
yes
Camera for hire: no
Picture services: no
Filming services:
yes (third party)
Maintenance:
no
Shop:
no
Pool:
yes
Nitrox:
yes, on order
Languages:
Vessels:
2
USES ECO MUGS
FEES*
Baptism: R$180,00
Certified diver:**
R$220,00
Snorkel: R$120,00
PADI basic course: R$1,200.00
Payment:
cash or check

VISITED VESSEL

Name:
Paradise
Type:
catamaran
Size:
18m
Capacity:
50 pass + 2 trip
Speed:
10 knots
Toilet: male and female
Shower: yes
Hot water:
no
Solarium:
yes
Food:
fruit, sandwiches, cakes
Drinks: water and soda and fruit juice
O2 Kit: yes

* We remind that we have no ties with any of the companies or their fees and that they may be altered without previous notice. We recommend that you contact the company and confirm this information before booking your dive.
** Price for certified divers INCLUDING equipment hire fees.

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MR. BIG – PARATY – RJ

GENERAL
Phone: (11) 7865.2516 / (11) 7865.2517
Site: www.mrbig.com.br
Email:
reservas@mrbig.com.br
Address:
BR 101 Km 578
Marina Porto Imperial – Paraty- RJ

SERVICES

Opening hours:
morning
Courses:
yes
Equipment for hire:
yes
Camera for hire: yes
Picture services: yes
Filming services:
yes (booking required in advance)
Maintenance:
no
Shop:
no
Pool:
yes
Nitrox:
yes
Languages: english / italian / japanese
Vessels:
1
FEES*
Baptism: R$190,00
Certified diver:**
R$181,00
Snorkel: R$80,00
PADI basic course: R$950,00
Payment:
cash, check or card

VISITED VESSEL

Name:
Mr. Big
Type:
wooden boat
Size:
18m
Capacity:
45 pass + 3 trip
Speed:
9 knots
Toilet: unisex
Shower: yes
Hot water:
yes
Solarium:
yes
Food:
yes
Drinks: water and soda
O2 Kit: yes

* We remind that we have no ties with any of the companies or their fees and that they may be altered without previous notice. We recommend that you contact the company and confirm this information before booking your dive.
** Price for certified divers INCLUDING equipment hire fees.

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